Here are the answers to most of your questions:
Have you got a technical architecture / flow diagram of Freedome that can be shown to the customers?
Unfortunately, nothing opf the kind is available at this point.
Does freedome intercept SSL/TLS traffic?
No, Freedome does not intercept SSL/TLS. Intercepting and decrypting encrypted traffic would be a dangerous capability to have on our servers. It would be very privacy invasive too.
If not, what about tracking cookies or malicious packages inside encrypted traffic?
They will all go unnoticed.
Does one communicate directly with the each country's VPN concentrator, or does the traffic go inside from one country to another inside some kind of internal network?
The customer communicates directly with the VPN concentrators of the selected country. Going via additional countries would increase latency and reduce performance quite noticeably.
Who and how is decided, which tracking cookies / sites are blocked?
F-Secure Labs maintains a database of tracking networks and advertisement networks. Our Labs has 24/7/365 staffing to update the database through our Real-Time Protection Network as necessary.
The database tags tracking and analytics services so that Freedome blocks the requests completely.
All cookies are stripped from requests going to advertisement networks, causing advertisements to be shown without any targeting.
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